Showing posts with label New Age. Show all posts
Showing posts with label New Age. Show all posts

Tuesday, May 29, 2018

The GEMSTONE of Accomplishment - CITRINE

Citrine (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Citrine, November's birthstone, is often referred to as "the gemstone of success," and sadly suffers from a case of mistaken identity that keeps gemstone fans from appreciating its magnificence.  Natural Citrine's color can range from a light lemon yellow to a vivid golden brown.    When cut into a gemstone, Citrine is almost impossible to differentiate visually from the more precious Yellow Topaz. Given this truth, some corrupt gem dealers and jewelry manufacturers substitute the cheaper Citrine for Yellow Topaz.  Unfortunately, this is typically discovered only when the gemstone is resold.

Amethyst or Smoky Quartz crystals are heat treated to activate ferric impurities, producing commercial quality Citrine and giving Citrine its golden-yellow color. Citrines produced in this way tend to contain more of a reddish or orange cast than natural Citrines, which are typically pale yellow.   The largest producer of gem-grade Citrine is Brazil.   Citrine is one of three traditional birthstones for the month of November.

Citrine has attained a standing throughout the ages as the "gemstone of accomplishment" that encourages abundance and wealth. It's also referred to as the "merchant's gemstone" because shopkeepers and merchants long ago use to place Citrine in their cash drawers to bring in money. However, Citrine allegedly also brings about success in unpredicted ways.  In addition to manifesting abundance, Citrine also promotes bigheartedness, leading those who benefit from its powers to share their prosperity with others.

Citrine also is thought to improve intellectual clarity, confidence. and willpower.  For people that experience depression or low self-esteem, New Age healers customarily advocate Citrine crystals. Citrine is thought to deflect and dissipate all kinds of harmful energies, generating strength in thought and emotion. Citrine is also understood to foster bliss and good cheer and reduce self-destructive tendencies and self-doubt.

Citrine crystals are also generally prescribed by healers to help in digestion and also enhance the immune and endocrine systems. It's thought to play a role in eliminating toxins from the body and in overcoming various addictions.  Citrine, whether chosen for its beauty or so-called physical and supernatural benefits, Citrine brings a sparkle of good fortune to its wearers.

    John S. Brana's collections of distinctive Citrine Gemstone Jewelry include beautiful, one-of-a-kind pieces designed to set the wearer apart from the crowd. Whether classic or contemporary, each piece is unique, meticulously handcrafted, and made from top-quality gemstones. 

Wednesday, April 18, 2018

MEDICINE in the Middle Ages

Anatomical Man.jpg
"Anatomical Man" Licensed under Public Domain via Wikimedia Commons.

Learning is a continuing process and through new discoveries and invention, we broaden our horizon of knowledge every day. Throughout history, man has illuminated the world with art, science, and philosophy and has also acquired abilities to invent and discover, various tools for its survival. One of the most powerful discoveries ever made is the knowledge of medicine. Though the history of medicine can be traced back to the primitive age, medicine as a specialized field of study did not exist before the Middle Ages. Based on Greek and eastern principles, European medicine embellished with the discoveries of the middle ages and set the foundation for the contemporary medicine.

The Heptameron by Marguerite de Navarre is a representation of the French society in the middle ages. She has depicted various social and cultural norms of the time in the stories. Her insight into the science of medical practiced in France in the Middle Ages is quite apparent Even though the importance of medicine as a specialty was acknowledged among the intellectuals of Paris; the influence of the church remained a conduit for its advancement. Although the supremacy of supernatural over natural was obvious, a clear implication was established that the natural and supernatural world was separate if not independent. As a result of what we see is an amalgamation of medical science, mysticism, and religion in the middle age of France.

Ancient physiologists believed that the body must always have a balance of these humor, for imbalance will cause ailments. The diagnosis was based on examining a sample of blood and also colors of skin, urine, and feces.

Medical treatment by trained physicians rare and very expensive as a result the elite class could only afford it. The uncertainty and unavailability of academic treatment left no choice for the general population, but to turn towards certain charms, special prayers, and specific Christian rituals. Thirteen century Paris had only a half dozen doctors in public employ, with little time to spend on individual patients. The practice of medicine was not restricted to a certain sect of people rather clergy and laymen, men and women were all able to practice medicine.

The physician often compounded and dispensed drugs in addition to practicing medicine. And apothecary often engaged in medical practice as well as compounding and dispensing. It is evident from the stories in heptameron that the drugs made by apothecaries could be very lethal at times as they did not have the proper knowledge. Also, personal hygiene was not an important factor for an apothecary, live alone the common people.

Diet was thought to be extremely important in the treatment of illness and prescriptions would cover the minutest of details for all sorts of conditions. The greatest general reliance was placed on broths, milk, and eggs. Today the importance of diet in medical science is felt extensively. Nutrition as a special branch of study has emerged. Dietitians and nutritionist are there to help physicians in treating patients who need special diets. Plants and herbs were used in the preparation of digestives, laxatives, emetics, diuretics, diaphoretics, styptics etc. Drugs remain to be the major form of treatments today but with the advanced technology, pharmacology has become one of the leading businesses.

Surgery the last resort advised by a physician but also it was only accessible to the wealthy. Surgery was known to be successful in cases of fistula, hemorrhoids, gangrene, and cataracts. Bloodletting was one of the most common forms of surgery and was recommended for fever, inflammation, and a variety of disease condition and ironically for hemorrhages as well. There were three main methods of bloodletting during the middle ages: leeching, venesection, and cupping. Among these leeching is still used, though rare as a medical procedure by some physicians. Leeching helps to reduce tissue congestion where the arterial input is maintained but a venous return is blocked or slowed leeches act as an extra vein to relieve a dangerous build-up of blood.

As a result, leech therapy is finding its way into numerous reconstructive surgeries such as digit and limb reattachment, skin graft procedure, scalp avulsions, and breast surgeries and even into effective treatment of periorbital hematomas. Anesthesia and pain relievers were available but some of the potions used were lethal in itself. For example, the hemlock juice was used, and it could easily cause death.

The diseases that were very common in the Middle Ages were dysentery, jaundices pneumonia, influenza and a common cold. This could be largely attributed to the living condition of that time. Rural people largely lived in a one-room structure with a central fire or hearth and a central roof with a small opening which allowed some of the smoke to escape. Homes were dark damp and cold, with minimum sunlight and poor air circulation, a perfect breeding place for germs and bacteria.

The climatic conditions and lifestyle of the time with no proper facilities contributed to the lack of personal hygiene as well. It further escalated with population growth in the towns and cities. Also due to lack of advanced techniques, patients often died due to excessive blood loss after a surgery. Today personal hygiene is considered to be a key factor to live a disease free life.

With the latest technologies, available infant mortality has reduced and longevity in humans has increased tremendously compared to middle ages. As we benefit from the sophisticated technologies of medical science, it is imperative that we acknowledge the contribution of our predecessors. What we are enjoying today is the fruits of the trees whose seeds were planted by our ancestor.

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Thursday, December 29, 2016

Fixing the HEADSTONE

English: Headstone detail A number of 19th cen...
Headstone detail A number of 19th century headstones in the vast churchyard surrounding > 773273 are decorated with carved flower motifs.
(Photo credit: Wikipedia)

One of the most important aspects of installing the headstone is the fixing within the ground. There has been much publicity about the hazards of falling or unsecured headstones and recent health and safety legislations have been put in place, many unsafe headstones being laid down to prevent accidents. 

It is the responsibility of the mason to assess the ground conditions and decide which is the most suitable foundation and fixing method to be used.  There are certain recommended fixing methods which are detailed by NAMM’s code of practice, which have been tested by an independent structural engineer. Particular attention should be paid to the hole size and depth stops to ensure the fixing is not compromised. The most common fixing types which is being recommended by NAMM and adopted by masons is the anchor fixing. 

There are various fixing methods depending on the ground conditions, headstone size etc. The method which is becoming one of the most popular is the ground anchor and is highly recommended by NAMM. This is where a ground anchor/steel bar runs from the foundation of the headstone deep into ground. With this method if a joint breaks the headstone will not fall down immediately it will need repairing but will only fall over if forced is used as opposed to falling on its own. You can also bolt the headstone again a reliable method using resin and stainless steel dowels.

Some headstones are placed on a concrete base and it is usual for the headstone to be re-leveled and your mason should come back and do 2 visits free of charge for re-leveling.  

Cemeteries will now do regular checks on all the headstones in the cemetery and if a headstone needs fixing or replacing it will be down to the owner of the grave to take responsibility. 

As long as the correct procedure is followed then the headstone should be securely fixed and not prove to be a hazard.

Wednesday, June 8, 2016

Global Shift: New Perceptions for a NEW WORLD

The Earth seen from Apollo 17.
The Earth seen from Apollo 17. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
A global shift is happening around the world.  As the established economic, political and cultural institutions of our planet meet increasing upheaval, humanity is moving toward the next stage in its history.  This new stage is as different from what went before as the Renaissance was from the Middle Ages.  It involves many new ways of seeing ourselves, our world, and each other.

This global shift is happening on many levels.  It consists of:

* New ways of perceiving the world and the nature of reality

* New ways of seeing ourselves

* New ways of seeing each other, with major consequences on how we treat one other

* Practices and actions we can undertake to heal ourselves and help the planet

A NEW WAY OF LOOKING AT THE WORLD:  Perceiving the universe as a multidimensional system organized by consciousness.

The Universe is Conscious on  All Levels

Consciousness is not confined to the minds of humans and animals.  Anything that maintains itself as an organized whole is conscious.  Organs and cells within the body are conscious.  Even atoms and molecules are conscious.  So are solar systems and galaxies.  Does that mean they have minds and thoughts like we do?  Probably not.  Consciousness is understood as an intrinsic property of the universe capable of being self-organizing, self-maintaining, and resistant to entropy (entropy is a general tendency in the universe for things to move from order to disorder).

There are not two worlds—an objective world of science and a subjective, personal world grasped by religion, art, and the humanities.

There is one world or universe that can only be fully grasped by both science and spirituality—both the physical senses and intuition. One universe with both outer aspects revealed by the senses and inner aspects revealed by intuition. To separate these two aspects is an artificial distinction we humans make based on the dubious assumption that only empirical knowledge of the senses  (scientific knowledge) is valid.

IMPLICATION:  If there is only one universe that has both an outer, objective and an inner, spiritual aspect- and if it's conscious on all levels- then we come to see it as much more than a neutral, purposeless object for scientific investigation.  We come to view our earth and the universe at large as a conscious, living being, something we regard with reverence and awe.  We treat the environment as a matrix that supports and nurtures us — not as a commodity to be exploited for profit.


Each of us is connected — deep within our being - with the consciousness of collective humanity and the Cosmos at large.  "To thine own self be true" means to align yourself with these larger fields of consciousness.

Being true to your deepest, innermost self is to align with intentions that lie beyond your personal ego.  These intentions reside in your soul.  Your soul, in turn, connects with the collective consciousness of humanity and ultimately the universe at large.  The more you act from your soul (instead of your ego), the more you begin to express purposes and intentions larger than yourself.  Although this idea may seem radical, it is not a new idea.  The old way of saying it is "to do the Will of God."

IMPLICATION: There is more to life than ego. If the deepest intentions of our soul reflect the intelligence of collective humanity and the cosmos at large, then each of us will - sooner or later - feel "called" to do something more than just fulfill our personal ego needs.  Each of us has a personal mission or "calling"—perhaps several—where we give back and contribute to something or someone beyond ourselves.  It doesn't matter how large or small this is.  Doing a menial job well could be what we have to contribute.  It is the quality of consciousness, the spirit of giving, that we bring to our mission that counts.


All minds are ultimately One.  This is reflected in the saying, popular since the sixties: "We are all one."

At depth, our seemingly separate minds are simply different aspects of the same universal consciousness.  Thus we are deeply interdependent, more than our conscious egos recognize.  So much so that our consciousness is influenced by the consciousness of those we care about and love, no matter how far apart we are in space.  When a loved one far away feels joy or sorrow, we register it somewhere in our psyches, even if we do not recognize it consciously.  Everyday happenings illustrate our interconnectedness.  We may find ourselves thinking about a friend, and then suddenly they call us.  We  may feel sad for no obvious reason, and then find out later that someone dear to us had a bad experience around the time we felt sad.  In short, we are not isolated, autonomous units.  Each of our minds is a node in an interdependent network of many other minds,  some of which we may not even know, and perhaps some of which may not even be embodied.

IMPLICATION:  The realization that we are, in truth, all one as a common humanity helps to erode the barriers our egos create to separate ourselves from others: racial, religious, ethnic, national, gender, age, and so on.  Beneath the surface we are ultimately the same in our basic needs and aspirations.  The Golden Rule: "Do Unto Others as You Would Have Them Do Unto Yourself" is not just a lofty moral injunction, it reflects the actual structure of reality ( all seemingly separate minds are aspects of a common consciousness). To grasp this idea fully means you begin to recognize that whatever you do to another, you ultimately do to yourself.


A global shift in consciousness takes place one person at a time.  Ultimately it begins with each of us cultivating healing and peace in our personal lives.  Each of us is a microcosm of the planet as a whole.  The planet's current travails are suffered in an endless variety of ways by each of us individually.  The "body" of humanity begins to heal as each "cell" in that body heals.  If we are all deeply interconnected, then working on our personal peace and healing is a gift to the whole of humanity.  Our  own healing can have a ripple effect that we can't even imagine.  As each of us develops more harmony  in our life, we become an example for others to follow the same path.  Then, from that centered place in ourselves, we have the clarity and inspiration to lend our help to healing the planet, whether it's a simple act like recycling paper or getting involved with a local community organization that helps feed the homeless.

Beyond personal healing, there are numerous practices and actions each of us can engage in to support the global shift. Just a few examples might include buying our food locally and eating a more vegetarian diet, recycling and using recycled goods, driving less and buying a fuel-efficient vehicle, learning to listen to others and respect their differences, contributing to organizations dealing with climate change or global poverty,  socially responsible investing, or learning to think outside the bounds of our ethnic and national identities—becoming a "global citizens."

    Edmund Bourne, Ph.D. is a psychologist who has specialized in the treatment of anxiety disorders and related problems for twenty-five years. For more information on how you can make a difference for our world, go to Global Shift or read the book. How a New Worldview is Transforming Humanity. 
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